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 写作常用句型与过渡词语(专四专八) 
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写作常用句型与过渡词语

 

 

1【常见开篇句】  

1) With the rapid improvement in.../growing awareness of..., more and more.../sth....  

随着的飞速发展/越来越多的关注,越来越…  

(e.g. With the considerable improvement in building industry, more and more structures are  

being erected to set the people's minds at ease.)  

例:随着建筑业的大力推进,人们对建立越来越多的房屋建筑感到宽心。  

 

2) Recently, sth./the problem of...has been brought to popular attention/ has become the focus of  

public concern.  

近来,某事/某问题引起了人们的普遍关注/成了公众关注的焦点。  

(e.g. Recently, the problem of unemployment has been brought to such popularattention that  

governments at all levels place it on the agenda as the first matter.)  

例:近来失业问题引起了人们的普遍关注,各级政府已把它列为首要议程。  

 

3) One of the universal issues we are faced with/that cause increasing concern is that...  

我们面临的一个普遍问题是… /一个越来越引人关注的普遍问题是…  

(e.g. One of the universal issues that draw (cause) growing concern is whether it is wise of man to  

have invented the automobile.)  

例:一个越来越引人关注的普遍问题是,发明汽车是否明智。  

 

4) In the past few years, there has been a boom/sharp growth/decline in.. .  

在过去的几年里,经历了突飞猛进/迅猛增长/下降。  

(e.g. In the past ten years, there has been a sharp decline in the numberof species.)  

例:在过去的几年里,物种数量骤然下降。  

 

5) Nowadays, more/most important/dangerous for our society is...  

如今对我们社会更(最)为重要的(危险的)事情是…  

(e.g. Nowadays, most dangerous for our society is the tendency to take advantage of each other in political circles.)  

例:对我们社会最为危险的事情是政界倾向于互相利用。  

 

6) According to the information given in the table/graph, we can find that...  

根据图表资料,我们可以发现…  

 

7) As can be seen from the table/graph/figure, there is a marked increase /decline/favorable (an unfavorable) change in...  

根据图表(数字)显示,明显增长(下降)/发生了有利(不利)变化。  

 

8) As we can see from the table/graph/figure above, drastic/considerable/ great changes have taken place in...over the period of time from...(年份)to...( 年份)  

据上面图表(数字)所示,从某年到某年某方面发生了剧烈的(相当大的;巨大的)变化。  

 

9) The table/graph shows that there is a(n) declining/increasing trend of ...from...(年份) to...(年份)  

图表显示,从某年到某年某方面有下降(增长)的趋势。  

 

10) Anyone who takes a closer look at the data in the table/graph can besurprised to find that...  

任何人只要仔细看一看图表中的资料就会惊讶地发现…  

 

11) It is a traditional practice to...in our society.  

在我们的社会里是一个传统的做法。  

(e.g. It is a traditional practice for young people to be financially dependent on their parents for  

anything like marriage and housing.)  

例:象婚姻和住房这些方面,年轻人在经济上依赖于他们的父母,是属于传统的做法。  

 

12) It has long been considered only right and proper to...(in China.)  

(在中国)长期以来被视为是理所应该的。  

(e.g. It has long been considered only right and proper/perfectly justified for the old to assume  

full responsibility for the growth of the young.)  

上一代为下一代的成长承担完全的责任,长期以来被视为是理所应该的(完全合理的)  

 

13) To sb.'s mind/In sb.'s eye(s), sth. seems/means...  

在某人看来,某事似乎(意味着)…  

(e.g. In the eyes of the public, official corruption means taking bribes,. ..But such corruption  

comes in many different forms.)  

例:在公众的眼里,官员腐败意味着收受贿赂,但腐败却以许多不同的形式出现。  

 

14) When it comes to...(sth.), most people (the public) maintain(s)/contend(s) that...  

说到,大多数人(公众)坚持认为(争辩说)…  

(e.g. When it comes to fake commodities, every consumer has much anger to pour upon them.)  

例:说到假货,每一个消费者对他们都有一通怒气要发泄。  

 

15) Now it is widely believed that...  

现在人们普遍认为…  

(e.g. Now it is widely believed that examinations are the best possible measure for the selection of  

the qualified.)  

例:现在人们普遍认为,各种考试是选拔合格人才的最佳手段。  

 

16) A public debate has arisen as to/over/concerning...  

关于公众就此展开了一场辩论。  

(e.g. A public debate has arisen as to whether one should step forward bravely in the event of  

crime.)  

例:当有人犯罪时,一个人是否应当勇敢地站出来制止,公众就此展开了一场讨论。  

 

17) The birth/invention of...has made an enormous/essential difference to ...But it does not mean that...  

的诞生(发明)对产生了巨大的(重要的)影响,但这并不意味着…  

(e.g. The birth of the computer has made a radical difference to the human progress.But it does  

not mean that this wonder does no threat to our society.)  

例:计算机的诞生对人类进步产生了极其重大的影响,但这并不意味着这一创举不会威胁到  

我们的社会。  

 

18) Sth. has changed the way our society develops....But its bright side should not keep us from  

following closely its dark side.  

(sth.: the genetic engineering, etc.)  

事物(如生物工程等)改变了我们社会发展的道路但其好的一面不应使我们同时受  

其坏的一面的影响。  

 

19) In our life, there often appears such an occasion when.../on which... (it often happens that...)  

在我们生活中常常出现这样一种情况/这样一幕,就是当……/那就是……(或:……的现象屡见不鲜)  

(e.g. In our daily life, there appears such an occasion when we drink success to our work in one  

field but, at the same time, begin to do great damage to other fields.)  

例:在我们日常生活中,往往会出现这样一种情况,就是当我们陶醉于我们工作中某一领域  

的成功时,同时也开始给其他领域的工作带来损害。  

 

21) “...” That is how one of the great minds/scientists/writers remarked on...  

“……”这就是伟大的思想家/科学家/作家之一对此的评论。  

(e.g. “Happiness, like an old friend, is inclined to drop in unexpectedly— when you're working  

hard on something else.” That is how a famous writer once remarked on happiness.)  

例:幸福,就像一位老朋友,总是突如其来,出乎意料——而你当时正忙碌于另一事情。  

这就是一位著名的作家曾经关于幸福的一番评论。  

 

22) One of the great sociologists/psychologists has said:“...”  

一位伟大的社会学家/心理学家曾经说过:“……”  

(e.g. The great classical ballerina Anna Pavlova has said: “No one can arrive from being talented  

alone. God gives talent; work transforms talent into genius.” In other words ...)  

例:伟大的女芭蕾舞演员安娜·巴甫洛娃曾经说过:天生禀赋并非某一个人的专利。上帝  

赐予人们天赋,汗水化天赋为天才。换句话说,……  

 

23) “...” Such is the accurate exposition/exposure of...frequently over heard in public.  

“……”这就是对公众中众说纷纭的……的深刻揭露。  

(e.g. “Public morals are declining day by day.” Such is the correct exposure of the dark side of  

our society.)  

例:公共道德日渐堕落。这就是对我们社会阴暗面的准确揭露。  

 

24) How often nowadays we hear such remarks/complaints/words as this “...” or “...”!  

当今,这样的言论/抱怨/话不绝于耳:“……”或者“……”  

(e.g. How often nowadays we hear such complaints from officials as this “Ihave too many  

social engagements to carry out” or “I have too many social engagements to carry out” or “I  

have to bear too many titles for our society”! Don't be misled by the complaints of this kind!)  

例:当今,从官僚层传来这样的怨言不绝于耳:我要实施的社会事业太多了或者社会  

各种名号太多,而我们不得不背负起来!千万不要被诸如此类的怨言所误导!  

 

25) According to the recent survey/poll/questionaire/statistics, there is/a re...percent of...  

根据最近的调查/投票/问卷调查/统计来看,有百分之……  

(e.g. According to a recent survey made in a certain university, there are 43.8 percent of male  

students and 38.3 percent of female students either facing problems with nutrition or having to  

miss classes because of illness each term.)  

例:最近在某大学所做的一个调查显示,有43.8%的男生和38.3%的女生面临营养问题或者每期都因病缺课。  

 

 

2【对比、举例论证句型】  

1) A good case in point is (can be best provided by) that of...  

关于这一点最好的例子是…………可以提供最好的证明。)  

(e.g. A good case in point is that of a businessman who makes money by fairmeans or foul.  

例:关于这一点最好的例子就是生意人光明正大挣钱还是靠走旁门歪道挣钱。  

 

2) Just consider/think of the matter/case of...  

试想/想象一下……(就知道了)。  

(e.g. Just consider the matter of raising flowers that are delicate and sensitive to watering.)  

例:想象一下养花吧,花儿既娇嫩又需小心浇水。  

 

3) In the course of..., for example, there is/are...  

比方说,在……的过程中,……  

(e.g. In the course of coping with worries in life, for example, there is anart to what way you take.)  

例:比方说,在处理生活中的烦恼时,采取什么样的方法就大有学问。  

 

4) Take...for example(Take, for example,...)A  

……为例,……(或,举例来说,……  

(e.g. Take foot racing (for example), it is a sport in which endurance and strong finish is often more important.)  

例:以竞走为例,这项运动中耐力和强有力的冲刺往往尤为重要。  

 

5) As a(n) example (of...)/illustration (of...)/case in point, let's take/see/consider/follow/cite...  

作为……的例证/为阐明……/关于这方面的例子,我们(可以)引进/观察一下/考虑一下/沿用/  

援引……为例,……  

 

6) My list could go on, but more important/substantial/pressing to me is (that)...  

我还可以列举出很多,但对我来说更重要的/更具实质意义的/更紧迫的是……  

(e.g. ...is what steps I should take towards the realization of my aim.)  

例:……是为了实现我的目标我应该采取什么步骤。  

 

7) To..., however, is/requires/demands...  

然而,(要想)……要求/就必须  

(e.g. To be a successful learner, however, demands a great deal of work.)  

例:然而,要想学习成功就必须付出很多努力。  

 

8) But in reality, the expression of one' reasons in one thing while the accomplishment of his  

purpose is another thing, which usually needs/is/requires...(So,...)  

但是实际上,讲道理是一回事,实现目标又是一回事,而且往往需要//要求……(所以……  

(e.g. ..., which usually needs a greater effort of will.)  

例:……而且往往需要更强的意志力。  

 

9) To me, however, the greatest challenge is not the matter/question of...but (the matter/question) of...  

然而,对我来说,最大的挑战不是……事情/问题,而是……事情/问题。  

(e.g. To me, however, the greatest concern/challenge is not the matter of the grounds for my  

aspiration, but of capacities to be increased for making it a reality.)  

例:然而,对我来说,最值得关注的/最大的挑战不是我的愿望现实与否的问题,而是我如何提高自己的能力将它变为现实。  

 

10) Another (good/ideal) case in point is that of...  

关于这一点/这方面还有一个(好的/理想的)实例,就是……  

(e.g. Another ideal case in point is that of rowing against current.)  

例:关于这一点还有一个理想的实例,就是逆水行舟。  

 

11) To the already well-known/familiar examples/cases of..., another may/can be added:...  

关于……的实例,除了这个众所周知的/大家都很熟悉的例子/事例以外,不妨再举一个:……  

(e.g. ...of things turning out contrary to one's wishes, another can be added: A great invention in  

medicine leads to a sharp increase in the average span of human life. But on the other hand, it  

turns out to overburden the food supply of the world.)  

例:关于事与愿违的实例除了……以外,不妨再举一个:一项伟大的医药发明大大延长了人们的寿命。但另一方面,它给世界带来了沉重的粮食负担。  

 

12) As another illustration/example, let's take/see (the case of)...  

作为另外一种阐述方法/实例,我们来看看……  

(e.g. As another illustration, let's see the case of swimming in an ocean.)  

例:作为另外一种阐述,我们来看看海中游泳这个例子。  

 

13) A very similar case/example/story can be cited/told from...  

我们还可以从……找到/举出非常类似的事例/例子/事件。  

(e.g. ...from the modern military history of China.)  

例:我们还可以从中国军事当代历史中找到……  

 

14) Perhaps it will suffice to mention another example/case/story of..., which unfolds as follows:...  

也许再举一个……例子/实例/事例问题就能水落石出,就是:……  

(e.g. ...of an unbridgeable gap between ideal and reality, which unfolds as follows: A woman  

was speaking to her friend about her two beaus. “If I could combine their qualities, I'd be the  

happiest person in the world. Ronald is rich, handsome and witty but unwilling to propose  

marriage to me. Tony, compared with the first, is outshone but he is eager to marry me.”)  

例:也许再举一个关于理想与现实之间不可逾越的鸿沟的例子……,就是:一个女人跟她的朋友谈论她的两位情人。如果能把他们俩的优点合而为一,那我将是世界上最幸福的人了。罗纳尔德富裕、英俊,聪明过人,但不愿向我求婚。托尼与之相比逊色多了,但迫不及待地要跟我结婚。”  

 

15) From the exemplifications above, it turns out that...  

以上例证的结论就是……  

(e.g. From the exemplifications above, it turns out that the power of determined will enables one  

to find some way out of any difficulty.)  

例:以上例证的结论就是坚定的意志力能使人设法摆脱困境。  

 

16) As the foregoing turns out, it matters not...but...  

以上(论述/阐述)说明,……并不重要,重要的是……  

(e.g. As the foregoing turns out, it matters not what color your cat is but once it catches mice, it must never be one of the bad.)  

例:以上论述说明,猫的颜色并不重要,只要它能抓到老鼠就不是只坏老鼠。  

 

17) The most important/essential/substantial/critical thing/matter worth pointing out, however, is...  

然而,值得指出的最重要/本质/实质/关键的事情/问题是……  

(e.g. ...is what structure of knowledge a would-be achiever has in the future competition.)  

例:……是在未来竞争中一位成功者应具备什么样的知识结构。  

 

18) The comparison/contrast that calls for deepest thought lies/consistsin...  

这种引人深思的(鲜明)对照/对比在于……  

(e.g. ...in social values that convey different senses to the two peoples.)  

例:……在于对两个民族传递了不同信息的社会价值。  

 

19) The most striking/sharpest/shocking/instructive contrast between A and B can be found in...  

AB最引人注目的/尖锐的/令人震惊的/具启发意义的对比(不同点)在于……  

(e.g. ...in the way both see the world.)  

例:……在于二者观察世界的方法。  

 

20) Of all the differences between A and B, the greatest one is...  

AB之间所有的差异当中,最大的差异是…  

(e.g. Of all the differences between science and pseudoscience, the greatestone is their truthfulness.  

Science originates in nature or from practice while pseudoscience is created/invented out of nothing or  

without foundation.)  

例:在科学与伪科学之间所有的差异当中,最大的差异是他们的真实性。科学来源于自然或者实践,而伪科学凭空捏造或者毫无根据(纯属子虚乌有)。  

 

3【常见过渡句】  

1)Some (people) argue/claim/believe/hold that... But others set (put) forth a different argument  

about/oppositive views on the matter in question.  

有些人争论说/声称/认为/…但其他一些人对这一问题却提出了不同的论点/相反的观点。  

(e.g. Some claim that setting off firecrackers is a good practice of celebrating the Spring  

Festival. ...But others put forth opposite views on the problem. )  

例:有些人认为庆祝春节时放鞭炮这种做法好,但其他一些人对这一问题却提出了相反的观点。  

2) Some (people) advocate/endorse/favor/are for (oppose/object to/areagainst)... Yet others  

stick to/hold on to/cling to the opposite views/argument/points.  

有些人拥护/支持/赞成(反对)然而其他人则坚持相反的观点/论点。  

(e.g. Some advocate changes intended to modernize the building code. ...Yetothers hold on to  

the opposite views.)  

例:有些人拥护旨在使建筑行规现代化所做的变革而其他人则持相反的观点。  

 

3) To some people's mind/From some people's point of view/In the eye(s) o f some people, the  

matter in question is/seems/should be/means...But to others'mind/from others' point of view/in  

others' eyes, it is just/quite the other wayaround/contrary/opposite(the opposite/reverse is  

the case/true.)  

有些人认为,这一问题是/似乎是/意味着但在其他人看来,事情恰恰相反。  

(e.g. To some people's mind, reading should be done in a selective way. ...But to others', it is just  

the other way around.)  

例:在有些人看来,阅读应该有选择地进行但对于其他人来说,看法恰恰相反。  

 

4) Some (people) respond/react to...by...But others behave/act in the other direction/in the opposite way.  

有些人以来回应但其他人则表现相反。  

(e.g. Some people respond to failure by remaining inactive or avoiding it...But others behave in the opposite way.)  

例:有些人对失败采用消极和回避的态度,但其他人表现相反。  

 

5) Some take the view that...And/But on the other hand, others argue for the opposite view that...  

有些人认为但另一方面,其他一些人则持相反的观点,认为…  

(e.g. Some are of the view that institutions mould characters. ...And on the other hand, others  

argue for the opposite view that characters transform institutions.)  

例:有些人认为习俗塑造性格,但另一方面,其他一些人则持相反的观点,认为性格能改变习俗。  

 

 

4【常见让步法段首句和过渡句】  

1)It is true/There is no need to deny that...But it does not mean...  

确实/不可否认,但这并不意味着…  

(e.g. There is no need to deny that recreational services have added variety to our social life. ...But it does not mean leaving them to take their own courses.)  

例:不可否认,娱乐业为社会生活增加了多样性,但这并不意味着让其放任自流。  

 

2) Although it is widely believed that..., it can not stand close/cold scrutiny/analysis/examination.  

尽管很多人认为,但它却经不住仔细彻底的检查/分析/检验。  

 

3) Admittedly/True/Obviously/Indeed, the issue in question. ... But one basic/vital fact is being left out  

of our analysis/consideration, namely/that is,...  

无可否认/诚然/很明显/确实,问题但在我们的分析考虑中忽略了一个基本的/至关重要的事实,那就是/…  

(e.g. Admittedly, the official figures and statistics show that much improvement has been made in  

people's living standards. ... But one vital fact is being left out of our analysis, namely a growing gap  

between the rich and the poor. )  

例:无可否认,官方的统计数据表明人民的生活水平大有改善,但在我们的分析中忽略了一个至关重要的事实,那就是贫富差距不断拉大。  

 

4) Those in favor of the issue in question argue/contend/hold/maintain/claim that...But what they fail to  

consider/analyze/see/find out is that...  

对问题持赞成态度的人争辩/认为/宣称,但他们没考虑到/分析/看到/发现…  

(e.g. Those in favor of euthanasia contend that its practice can benefit both the patient and his  

family. ...But what they fail to consider is that euthanasia may be taken advantage of for some evil or hidden purposes.)  

例:赞成安乐死的人争辩说,这一做法对于病人及其家庭都有利,但他们没考虑到的是,有人会利用安乐死达到其罪恶或不可告人的目的。  

 

5) Superficially/On the surface/At first glance(thought)/In appearance, the issue in question seems...But  

in fact(on second thoughts/on close examination/in substance),...  

表面上/乍一看/乍一想/从外表来看,问题似乎,但实际上/仔细一想/仔细一查,…    

(e.g. At first glance, the western-type democracy seems superior to any other types. ...But on second  

thoughts, it does not entitle every citizen of the same nation to the equal freedom to act.)  

例:初看起来,西方式的民主比其他任何形式的民主都要优越,但仔细一考虑,它并不赋予同一国家的每一个公民一平等的自由。  

 

5【常见过渡句】  

1)To prevent this phenomenon/trend from worsening/running wide/To guide the matter/situation to the best advantage, it is necessary/important to...  

(可用于分析建议类、原因分析类等议论文)  

 

2)In the face of...some people take the position that.../some people come to believe that..., to which I can't attach/add my consent.  

(可用于批驳分析类议论文)  

:In the face of...people retain/take/show/assume different attitudes/position s/standpoints.  

(可用于各抒己见类议论文)  

In the face of...many people have come up with...  

(可用于对比分析类议论文和知识性说明文等)  

 

3)But many people feel puzzled about/perplexed at/over whelmed with...(the changes/situation), so this essay is intended to...  

(可用于批驳分析类议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

4)Although lots of people follow the fashion/trend, I still set my heart on...  

(可用于理由陈述类议论文)  

 

5)This is a (n) favorable/unfavorable/unhealthy/essential/marked/grateful change/tendency/situation, but factors/causes/reasons for it are not hard to find(but its appearance/existence derives from a variety of factors).  

(用于原因分析类议论文)  

 

6)The progress/improvement/change(s) in...is(are) really tremendous/remarkable/prodigious/marvelous, so it is necessary to understand (see) what it (they) illustrate (s)/prove(s)/account(s) for.  

(用于原因分析类议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

7)A comparison between these changes may be a good way to learn more about...  

(可用于对比说明文)  

 

8)More insight/inspiration/truth/thought can be deduced from these changes.  

(可用于知识性说明文)  

 

9)This situation/phenomenon/trend/tendency is rather distressing/disturb- ing/depressing/heart-rending, for the opposite of it is just in line with our wishes/just what is to be expected.  

(可用于分析建议、批驳分析和原因分析等议论文)  

 

10) This is what we are unwilling to see, so some way must be found out to...(可用于分析建议、对比  

分析、批驳分析类议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

11) Fortunately, however, more and more people come/begin to realize that ...(可用于分析建议、对比分析和各抒己见类议论文)  

 

12) Unfortunately, things have worsened/come/developed to the point where ...(用于分析建议、原因分析、批驳分析、各抒己见类议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

13) But have you ever stopped to think what/how/why...?(可用于除理由陈述之外的各种议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

14) If we take a further/colder/closer look at this problem/matter, however, more secrets/grounds/chances/ways will be found out for...  

(e.g. ...putting it right/taking action against it/improving it) (可用于分析建议、对比分析、原因分析等议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

15) A further/deeper analysis/study/exposure of.../A further comparison between...can reveal more  

about.../can show us more ways to...(how to...)可用于分析建议、原因分析、对比分析、批驳分析等  

议论文和对比说明文及知识性说明文)  

 

16) The same is true of many cases in life.(用于举例说明文)  

 

17) Perhaps, it is ideal/high/ripe time for us to tackle/handle/answer/take up the question in no half-hearted manner.(用于分析建议、原因分析类议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

18) People from different backgrounds, however, put different interpretations on the same thing.(用于各抒己见类议论文和展开式界说性说明文)  

 

19) If/When adopted to account for/define/expose..., it can come in different meanings.(用于具体定义说明文)  

 

20) If it is intended for..., however, the divergence of outlook on it ceases to continue while a new meaning to it begins to stand out.(用于归纳性定义说明文)  

 

21) Our life abounds with examples in point.(The truth in the definition goes for/is applicable to many cases in our life.)(用于举例说明文)  

 

22) In that case, however, I prefer to...rather than...(用于理由陈述、比较分析、批驳分析类议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

23) (Un)Fortunately, there are still some people who act in the other way around.(用于分析建议和原因分析类议论文)  

 

24) If this is true/the case, what accounts for such an issue:...(perversion of justice for bribes 贪赃枉法)?(用于分析建议和原因分析等议论文)  

 

25) If that remark still holds water now, the situation (trend/phenomenon) in question should make us ponder about what harm/benefit/influence it will bring to us/about how it will affect our society.(用于分析建议篇)  

 

26) His view is voiced by more and more people, but finds no echo in my heart.(用于批驳分析类议  

)  

 

27) Such a dilemma/problem/condition we often run into in our life, but the basic question is how to cope with it/but all we need to do is how to approach it.(用于分析建议、原因分析、对比分析等类议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

28) What this survey reveals is cold and hard, so the top priority task f or us to set about is to...(用于分析建议、原因分析、对比分析等议论文和知识性说明文)  

 

29) This case has aroused echoes throughout the country, with more and mo r e people following its lead, but ideas about it vary widely/is there anything serious it has reflected?(用于分析类议论文和各抒己见类议论文)  

 

6【常见转折句】  

1) In view of the above-mentioned negative factors/disadvantage(s)/defects in A, people's second thought is to...  

(e.g. In view of the above-mentioned negative factors in raising the output,our second thought is to improve the quality of products.)  

 

2) To counter/offset/counteract/cancel undesirable/side/ill effects/influence/results of A, B is put forward/proposed/advanced as another better course/ solution to...  

(e.g. To counter the undesirable effects of rigid administration, emotionalinvestment is advanced as another better course to success in business.)  

 

3) In their efforts to battle against dark side/incongruous elements A h as brought along with it, however, people come up with another approach/solution /course to...namely...  

(e.g. In their efforts to battle against the dark side the examination-oriented education has brought along with it, educators come up with another approachto the problem, namely the quality-oriented education.)  

 

4) In contrast with the drawbacks/demerits/flaws of A, B can serve as a better step/move/advance in the right direction/to ward the solution for the problem of...  

(e.g. In contrast with the drawbacks caused by nuclear power, the solar power can serve as a better move toward the solution for the problem of energy crisis.)  

 

5) So when it comes to an effective remedy for/a good counter-balance to the problems/limits/faults/weaknesses in A, people naturally think of B.  

(e.g. So when it comes to an effective remedy for the weaknesses in competition, people naturally think of cooperation.)  

 

6) But it has also brought along with it the negative effect/disadvantage /weakness that...  

 

7) However, it is not without limits/problems/faults/defects, for example, ...  

 

8) Like anything else, it also has its own dark side, as evidenced in...  

 

9For/Despite/In spite of the advantages/benefits/positive effects A has, it has suffered from/posed some disadvantages/harm/negative effects.  

 

10) To attain this goal, however, we still have much work to do/many obstacles to remove.  

 

7【常见让步句】  

1) Indeed, A is superior to/enjoys a distinct advantage over B in...,butit pales/proves inferior beside B/as compared with B in many aspects. (In the first place...In the second...In the third...) A  

(e.g. Indeed, television is superior to newspapers in vividness and quickness, but it pales beside B in many other aspects.)  

 

2) In spite of the fact that A has made a great difference/contribution t o.../has given  

life/color/variety/rein/birth/rise/a push to..., it means/proves/ sounds nothing/trivial when compared  

with B in some respects. (For one thing,... For another,...For still another,...)A  

(e.g. In spite of the fact that the revolution in industry has given varietyto the way people live, it proves trivial when compared with the revolution ininformation.)  

 

3) Although nothing/few things can come close to A/can outweigh A in..., its  

demerits/disadvantages/drawbacks/defects stand out against B.(First...Second ...Third...And above  

all...)A  

(e.g. Although few things can outweigh the intellectual education in tappingmental resources, its disadvantages stand out against the moral education.)  

 

4) Popular/Highly-praised/Welcome/Fashionable/Prevalent as A is in+地点名词/among some  

people(Helpful/Useful/Beneficial/Advantageous as A is to sb.), it suffers from/reveals/displays  

practical problems/faults/limits/weaknesses before/by comparison to/compared with B.(To begin  

with...Next...Last...)A  

(e.g. Beneficial as the CALL (Computer-Assisted Language Learning) is to students, it suffers from some undoubted faults by comparison to the face-to-face language learning.)  

 

5) It is obvious/true that B can't compete/be compared with A in..., but B still  

enjoys/secures/has/possesses distinct/considerable/decided/substantial advantages over A.  

(One of these is...Another...Still another...)  

(e.g. It is obvious that radio can't compete with television in visuality, but it still possesses substantial advantages over television.)  

 

8【常见界说性句式】  

1) Sth. is like/as...as/similar to/the same as/compared to/as if (though) ...(明喻)  

(e.g. In the eyes of book worms, books are compared to/like a magic blanket that carries them anywhere as they like.)  

 

2) Sth. is/refers to/is nothing but...(暗喻)  

(e.g. For/To a seeker after the treasure of knowledge, learning is rowing across an unbounded ocean, in which hardship is seen as his boat.)  

 

3) Sth. is thought of/defined/valued/cherished/seen/esteemed as...  

(e.g. A true friend is valued not only as your shadow that comforts your body but also as your mirror that helps you find any dirt on your face.)  

 

4) A does sth. just as B does sth. else.  

(e.g. Educative experiences of life can tell us how to get rid of failure, just as weather beaten sailors know how to steer clear of rocks.)  

 

5) Sth. means/signifies/stands for/is a symbol(matter/sign/token)of...  

(e.g. Love is not a matter of seeking self-satisfaction; it is first a matter of giving and then discovering, as an unexpected gift, the deepest satisfaction one can know.)  

 

9【常见结尾句式】  

1) Only in this way/Only when.../Only through...will/can we...  

It is only if/when...that we will...  

(e.g. It is only if all sides of society take their roles fully that we will achieve the society we want.)  

 

2) As/So long as...we will be able to.../the problem is bound to...  

(e.g. As long as we persist in spreading scientific knowledge among the masses, all the superstitions are bound to go out of our life.)  

 

3) For any place that.../For anyone who...there is every/no reason/chance to...  

(e.g. For any government that devotes itself to nourishing honesty among its officials, there is every reason to bid an eternal farewell to corruption.)  

 

4) In short/brief/one word/sum, once we are on the way to..., the chance of achieving/making it will increase/grow greater/come to our advantage. A  

(e.g. In short, once our country is on the way to clearing corrupt dealings out of the Party, the chance of making it will come to the people's advantage.)  

 

5) The quotations/remarks from sb.(The popular saying/maxim/proverb) “...” may be a better/sure  

cure/remedy for ...(...sound/practical/sensible/well-weighted advice on how to...)  

(e.g. The old saying “Laziness in youth spells regret in old age” may be sensible advice on how to cherish the years of youth.)  

 

6) And worst of all/best of all, it has/will/would effect(ed) the most unfavorable/favorable change in...  

(e.g. And worst of all, the official corruption has effected the most unfavorable change in the people's attitude towards the government.  

7) As another severe shock (genuine comfort) to the people/society/As the most destructive/pushing  

effect on...(our life), it has permeated among the people/through our social soil/throughout the whole  

country(has melted/penetrated into/been rooted in (the) Chinese soil (in the people's minds).  

(e.g. As the destructive effect on our nation, his heretical ideas have beenrooted in many people's minds.)  

 

8) As a(n) sensational/unexpected result of..., more and more people have come/got/begun to..A  

(e.g. As an unexpected result/consequence of the patriotic education, more and more people have come to regain/restore their sense of justice.)  

 

9) To one's greatest astonishment/delight, sth. has affected...to the point of...  

(e.g. To our greatest astonishment, the corruption has affected the society to the point of threatening  

its political stability.)  

 

10) The most obvious/direct result/consequence it produces/brings about is...  

(e.g. The most obvious result the economic reforms have produced is the waythe people live and think.)  

 

10【常见列举用转折词语】  

1) for one thing, for another, above all things;  

2) to begin/start with, next/besides/moreover, last/finally;  

3) in the first place, in the second, in the third, (and) best of/worst of all;  

4) one of these, another,(there is) still another(reason/factor); 5) first of all, second, third, in short/in sum.  

 

11【常见对比转折词语】  

1) but, but on the contrary, but on the other hand, but then;  

2) by contrast, in contrast, in contrast with/to, as a contrast to, as opposed to;  

3)by contraries, on the contrary, to the contrary, contrary to (A), opposite to, in opposition to;  

4) whereas, while, while on the other hand, while on the whole, yet, however;  

5) (as) compared with/to, by comparison, in comparison with, by comparison to.  

6) First..., Next..., Last...;  

7) In the first/early/initial/infant period/stage/phase(In its infancy) ..., In the second/middle/adult/ripe period/stage/phase..., In the third/last/closing/later/concluding period...;  

8) One step (way/course/approach/secret/trick)..., Another step..., Still another step...;  

9) The first measure/step/move..., Next to it comes..., And the last/final/the most important measure...;  

10) The direct experience/lesson/factor/way(One lesson)...The indirectexperience/lesson/factor/way(The other lesson)...  

 

 

12【常见对比转折词语】  

1) But the obvious(fatal/serious) flaw (defect/drawback) in their argument (attitude/idea/view/action/behavior) is that...  

/But the basic (main/great/key/ big) problem with their argument (...) is that...  

(e.g. ...that they are ignorant of (blind to) a bare fact: Social changes have attached new meanings and values to the division between good and bad.)  

 

2) But if...it is (not) easy (difficult/hard) to see (find/discover) that ...  

(e.g. But if they adjust their frame of mind a little in the other direction , it is not hard for them to find that life is just as promising as before.)  

 

3) Too much emphasis (attention/stress/concern/significance) placed on (given to/focused on/attached to/paid to) the negative (sunny/gloomy/bright) sideof the issue, however, may..  

(e.g. ..., however, may mislead us to form a pessimistic estimate of currentsituations...., however, may stop us from rendering (passing/forming/having) a fair(correct/clear/infallible/wise)judgment on it.)  

 

4) But in most cases/from the point of view of justice (objectivity)/as a matter of fact/in a very true sense, their (public/general) satisfaction (dissatisfaction/disillusionment/concern) with...(their criticism of.../their argument for/against.../their objection to.../their approval for...) can not.../is..., for...  

(e.g. But in an impartial sense, the public dissatisfaction can not hold every water, for our society is still abundant in goodness and beauty.)  

 

5) As a result of..., however, things would/are bound to...  

(e.g. As a result of such an utter indifference to vicious behavior, however , things would be past saving/mending/all the hope.)  

 

 
 

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